Mourners attend a funeral, for Kurdish political leader Hevrin Khalaf and others in the Kurdish town of Derik on 13 October 2019.

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AFP

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Dozens have been killed because the assault towards Kurdish forces in Syria started on Wednesday

The Kurds in Syria say the Syrian authorities has agreed to ship its military to the northern border to attempt to halt Turkey’s offensive towards them.

Syrian state media earlier reported that authorities forces had been deployed to the north.

It follows the US determination to tug all its remaining troops from the realm over the “untenable” state of affairs there.

The Turkish assault, launched final week, is aimed toward forcing Kurdish forces from alongside the border space.

Areas below management of the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), the primary US ally within the space, have come below heavy bombardment over the weekend, with Turkey making beneficial properties in two key border cities.

Dozens of civilians and fighters have been killed on each side.

In a separate growth on Sunday, Kurdish officers mentioned almost 800 family of overseas Islamic State (IS) members had escaped from Ain Issa, a camp within the north, as clashes raged close by.

The Turkish offensive and US withdrawal has drawn a world outcry, because the SDF had been the primary Western allies within the battle towards IS in Syria.

However Turkey views the Kurdish teams throughout the drive as terrorists and says it needs to drive them away from a “protected zone” reaching 30km into Syria.

It additionally plans to resettle greater than three million Syrian refugees at present in Turkey throughout the zone. Lots of them should not Kurds. Critics have warned this might result in ethnic cleaning of the native Kurdish inhabitants.

What do we all know concerning the deal?

The Kurdish-led administration in northern Syria mentioned the Syrian military would deploy alongside all the size of the border as a part of the settlement.

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This deployment would help the SDF in countering “this aggression and liberating the areas that the Turkish military and mercenaries had entered”, it mentioned in a press release.

The transfer additionally “paves the way in which to liberate the remainder of the Syrian cities occupied by the Turkish military akin to Afrin”, it added.

Turkish forces and pro-Turkey Syrian rebels compelled Kurdish fighters from Afrin again in 2018 after a two-month operation.

The deal represents a big shift in alliances for the Kurds, after shedding the army safety of their long-term US companions within the space.

It isn’t but recognized what the Syrian authorities has dedicated to.

Nevertheless SDF chief Mazloum Abdi acknowledged “there could be painful compromises” with the Assad authorities and its Russian allies, in a chunk for International Coverage journal.

“We don’t belief their guarantees. To be sincere, it’s laborious to know whom to belief,” he writes.

“But when we now have to decide on between compromises and the genocide of our folks, we’ll certainly select life for our folks.”

The deal follows US President Donald Trump’s shock transfer final week to tug dozens of troops from pockets within the north-east, successfully paving the way in which for the Turkish operation towards the Kurdish fighters.

On the time, the SDF known as the transfer “a stab within the again”.

What concerning the newest US withdrawal?

US Defence Secretary Mark Esper earlier introduced the Pentagon was transferring as much as 1,000 troops away from the north after studying that Turkey was pushing additional into Syria than beforehand anticipated.

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Describing the state of affairs there as “untenable”, he mentioned the SDF had been “trying to minimize a deal” with the Syrian authorities and Russia to counter the Turkish assault.

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Media captionTurkey “probably intends” to push west and south, says US Defence Secretary Mark Esper

This, he continued, would go away the US forces caught between “two opposing advancing armies”.

Hours after Mr Esper’s feedback, Syria mentioned it was deploying its forces to the north to “confront a Turkish aggression”. It isn’t but clear the place precisely the troops are being despatched.

On Sunday, President Trump tweeted that it was “very good” to not be concerned within the combating “for a change”, saying engagement in Center East battle was a mistake.

What has Turkey seized up to now ?

Turkey is pushing deeper into northern Syria.

On Sunday, President Erdogan mentioned his forces had already captured 109 sq km (42 sq. miles) of territory, together with 21 villages.

He informed reporters the important thing border city of Ras al-Ain had come below Turkish management – although the SDF mentioned that they had pushed Turkish forces again to the city’s outskirts.

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Media captionTurkish-backed forces enter the border city of Tal Abyad

Mr Erdogan mentioned Turkish forces had additionally besieged the city of Tal Abyad, some 120km (75 miles) away.

The UK-based monitoring group the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) mentioned Turkey was in virtually full management there.

Each Ras al-Ain and Tal Abyad are key objectives within the Turkish offensive towards the Kurdish-led SDF forces.

Turkey additionally introduced that its Syrian allies on the bottom had seized a key motorway – known as M4 – some 30-35km south of the border.

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What are the casualty figures?

They’re rising, with civilians killed on each side of the border:

Greater than 50 civilians and over 100 Kurdish fighters killed in north-eastern Syria, SOHR says
SDF says the Kurdish forces’ loss of life toll is 56 and Turkey provides the next determine of 440
Eighteen civilians killed in southern Turkey, based on Turkish experiences
4 Turkish troopers and 16 pro-Turkish Syrian fighters killed in Syria, Turkey says

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Media captionThe BBC’s Martin Persistence explains what’s behind the battle

What about IS?

The combating has spilled over to areas near IS detainee camps.

Fears that Kurdish forces can be unable to maintain IS prisoners confined appeared to have been realised when officers on the Ain Issa camp mentioned almost 800 family of overseas IS members had escaped.

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Media captionAmira, Heba and Hamza are stranded, at risk they usually need to come residence

The SOHR mentioned the quantity of people that fled was 100. It not recognized the place they’ve fled to.

The camp holds about 12,000 displaced folks, beforehand together with almost 1,000 overseas girls and youngsters with jihadist hyperlinks.

Will Islamic State re-emerge?

The SDF says it’s at present holding greater than 12,000 suspected IS members in seven prisons, and no less than four,000 of them are overseas nationals.

IS has claimed current automotive bombings and on Saturday declared a brand new marketing campaign in Syria.

Turkey says it can take duty for IS prisoners it finds throughout its offensive.