_109322630_049dd4ec-76ef-4d7e-b609-80d17e219863 Turkey Syria offensive: Erdogan and Putin strike deal over KurdsPicture copyright

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Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan again opposing sides in Syria’s civil struggle

Turkey and Russia have agreed what they referred to as a “historic” deal over army motion towards Kurds in northern Syria after a marathon diplomatic assembly.

Turkey has been launching an offensive towards Syria’s minority Kurdish group close to the border.

Russia, a army ally of Syria’s president, had deployed troops to the area in response.

The deal says that Russia has agreed to permit Turkey’s operation, eradicating the danger of battle between the 2 sides.

It got here simply forward of the expiry of a ceasefire between Kurdish fighters and Turkish forces, and it’s not but clear whether or not the Kurdish militias will conform to the phrases laid down by Russia and Turkey.

Turkey considers the Kurdish Individuals’s Safety Items (YPG) militia to be a terrorist organisation.

The ceasefire, brokered by america, expires at 22:00 (19:00 GMT). Shortly beforehand, the YPG stated that they had complied with the phrases of the US-brokered deal.

However the brand new deal agreed by Turkey with Russia has given Kurdish fighters additional time to withdraw.

From midday on Wednesday, the Kurdish fighters would have one other 150 hours to go away the border area, withdrawing to a depth of 30km (19 miles) from the border – a so-called “secure zone”.

The realm affected is a 120km-long strip between the cities of Ras al-Ain to Tal Abyad, the place the Turkish operation is going down.

However Mr Erdogan had reportedly wished all 440km of the border to be a part of the secure zone.

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The assertion from Russia and Turkey says that Kurdish forces “can be eliminated” from the cities of Manbij and Tal Rifat – each of which lie exterior the operation space.

It additionally says Russia and Turkey will conduct joint patrols exterior the operation space.

Why is Russia concerned?

President Erdogan and President Putin’s personal assembly lasted greater than six hours.

Russia has been a key army drive in Syria’s civil struggle, allied to the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. Mr Assad’s forces entered the border area in response to Turkey’s offensive towards the Kurds.

The Russian deployment had created the potential for clashes between Russia and Turkey – one thing Mr Erdogan and Mr Putin need to keep away from.

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Turkish-backed Syrian rebels have captured the border city of Tal Abyad

“Russia desires to debate the scenario within the north-east of Syria, higher perceive what’s going on,” stated Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov earlier than the Sochi assembly. “We need to purchase details about Turkey’s plans and see the way it compares with the overall plan of the political settlement.”

Earlier on Tuesday, Russian army helicopters landed on the Tabqa airbase after US troops left, Russian defence ministry-controlled Zvezda TV reported.

What function does america have?

Turkey launched it offensive on 9 October after US troops withdrew from the realm.

A US-led multinational coalition relied on the YPG to battle Islamic State (IS) militants in Syria over the previous 4 years, however the Turkish authorities views it as a terrorist organisation with hyperlinks to a Kurdish insurgent group preventing in Turkey.

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It agreed to pause the assault final week on the request of america.

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Media captionCivilians pelt US autos with potatoes

President Donald Trump’s choice to ordered US troops to go away the border space was extensively criticised by US lawmakers.

On Thursday, US Vice-President Mike Pence persuaded Mr Erdogan to conform to pause the Turkish offensive for 120 hours to permit the US to “facilitate the withdrawal of YPG forces from the Turkish-controlled secure zone”. He additionally agreed to a everlasting ceasefire upon completion of the YPG withdrawal.

Since then the ceasefire has largely held, regardless of what US officers have described as “some minor skirmishes”.

What has the associated fee been?

The UN says greater than 176,00zero folks, together with virtually 80,00zero kids, have been displaced previously two weeks in north-east Syria, which is house to some three million folks.

p07rp71b Turkey Syria offensive: Erdogan and Putin strike deal over Kurds

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Media captionThe BBC’s Aleem Maqbool hears from a grieving mom, a pissed off fighter and fleeing households

Some 120 civilians have been killed within the battle, together with 259 Kurdish fighters, 196 Turkish-backed Syrian rebels and 7 Turkish troopers, in response to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR), a UK-based monitoring group.

Twenty civilians have additionally been killed in assaults by the YPG on Turkish territory, Turkish officers say.