Gustavo Reyes Reyes stands in his language class in entrance of two dozen energetic kids who’ve been tasked with calling out the names of the components present in “sancocho”, a Colombian soup.
“Apù!” the scholars shout out collectively, which suggests water within the city’s native language, Palenquero.
Palenquero is without doubt one of the 68 languages present in Colombia and is a mixture of Spanish and African Bantu languages. However with just some thousand audio system, it has not been straightforward to maintain the language alive.
Now residents of San Basilio de Palenque like Mr Reyes need to make sure the language that has outlined their tradition doesn’t die out.
“One of the vital vital points of [Palenque] is the Palenquero language,” stated Mr Reyes, who works for the ethno-education NGO Tiela Ri Pá.
“In a approach, it is one thing we introduced from Africa.”
First free city within the Americas
The small, sweltering city 50km (30 miles) from the Caribbean coast is probably most famed for Palenqueras, ladies in vibrant clothes who stroll the streets of the touristic colonial metropolis of Cartagena, promoting sweets and fruit.
However Palenque has one other legacy. It’s the first free city within the Americas.
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It was based in 1603 by Benkos Biohó, who escaped slavery within the late 16th Century and led a revolt to assist others escape to the foothills of the mountains surrounding Palenque.
In line with linguist Rutsely Simarra Obeso, greater than 70 African languages have been as soon as spoken in Cartagena, which was a gateway to the slave commerce.
Black women and men from totally different ethnic teams who had escaped slavery created Palenquero, a creole language, to speak with one another.
“With the language started an train of resistance,” she says. “When you do not enable your language to vanish, future generations are going to have details about the weather that outline your cultural identification, your ethnic identification.”
And that is one thing that rings true for residents in Palenque as we speak.
With upwards of three,500 inhabitants, the city is recognised by Unesco on its Consultant Record of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity for sustaining social, non secular, musical and conventional medical practices - which have African roots - in addition to the Palenquero language.
Lack of language
However the language has slowly slipped away from the tradition that created it: now extra folks converse Spanish than Palenquero within the city.
In line with the newest 2009 Colombian authorities information, solely 18% of individuals have been fluent in it and simply 21% of Palenquero audio system have been underneath the age of 29.
Andris Padilla Julio says a part of that is because of residents dealing with discrimination for talking their native language.
He’s the chief of the rap group Kombilesa Mi, which performs in Palenquero and organises free language, conventional music and dance workshops for youngsters within the city.
“When folks hear Palenqueros talking, to them it [appears] a poorly spoken Spanish as a result of they do not perceive it. However that is improper. And due to that, many individuals stopped talking Palenquero once they left,” he says.
“A father or mom would say ‘do not converse the language so they do not make enjoyable of you, so they do not snicker at you’.”
Nonetheless for the reason that 1980s, there was a push by Palenque residents to recognise the worth of their cultural traditions by way of ethno-education.
The Palenquero language started to be taught within the native college, named after Benkos Biohó, within the 1990s and as we speak it’s protected underneath Colombia’s 2010 Native Language Regulation.
Due to efforts like these, Ms Simarra estimates that now 20% to 25% of Palenqueros converse the language effectively.
A language of resistance
In Palenque, a tall, bronze statue of Benkos Biohó breaking out of chains overlooks the principal sq..
There are additionally murals commemorating the founder painted across the city, in addition to ones depicting the drums which characteristic closely within the city’s annual percussion competition.
“Now persons are extra acutely aware about what it means to be from Palenque,” says language instructor Bernardino Pérez Miranda.
And for him, Palenquero remains to be a language of resistance. “After I exit I am at all times talking Palenquero, in Bogotá, in Cartagena, right here and in entrance of white folks,” he says.
“It is a method to present others that our language has the identical worth.”
At a Kombilesa Mi workshop, 50 or so children are in a prepare formation, holding on to one another’s shoulders as they transfer by way of the streets of Palenque.
They’re dancing to the thud of conventional percussion devices and blend the 2 languages, Spanish and Palenquero, as they sing.
“They’re the current however they’re additionally the longer term,” says Mr Padilla. “The thought is to at all times transfer ahead with the custom of San Basilio de Palenque, so it’s by no means misplaced.”
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