“We contemplate two communities basic, the household as one man, one girl and the kids,” stated the chief of Poland’s ruling Regulation and Justice social gathering (PiS) at a current conference.
LGBT+ rights have grow to be the only greatest cultural concern in Poland’s election marketing campaign forward of Sunday’s vote. Within the eyes of Jaroslaw Kaczynski’s national-conservative social gathering and the Catholic Church, these rights are a menace to conventional Polish households and values.
Mr Kaczynski likes to establish threats to Polish society – throughout the election marketing campaign 4 years in the past, he stated Center Jap migrants would possibly deliver “parasites and protozoa” to Poland.
This time round, in line with Mr Kaczynski, the menace comes from LGBT+ folks and from Europe, the place households can have “two mummies or two daddies”, he stated.
Poland’s 1993 structure states that a marriage is between a person and a lady. Civil partnerships, be they between heterosexual or same-sex , should not legally recognised.
“Christianity is a part of our nationwide id, the [Catholic] Church was and is the preacher and holder of the one generally held system of values in Poland,” he stated. “Outdoors of it… we’ve solely nihilism.”
Senior Catholic Church figures have gone additional, most notably the Archbishop of Krakow, Marek Jedraszewski, who on quite a few events has recognized the “LGBT foyer” and “gender ideology” as the brand new menace to Polish freedom following the top of communism in 1989, calling it “totalitarian” and a “nice menace to our freedom”.
The place Poland’s foremost political teams stand on same-sex marriage
Regulation and Justice (PiS): Opposes civil partnerships, similar intercourse marriage and adoption of kids by similar intercourse
Citizen’s Coalition (KO): Helps introduction of civil partnerships solely
Left Coalition: Helps introduction of marriage equality
Polish Individuals’s Celebration (PSL), Kukiz’15 (Poland Coalition): Problem not talked about in election programme
Konfederation: Opposes marriage equality and adoption of kids by similar intercourse
The couple who got here again to combat for change
Within the stunning, medieval metropolis of Torun, birthplace of the astronomer Copernicus, chef Mariusz Godlejewski rejected the notion that he was a menace. Throughout greater than a decade residing in Eire, Mariusz married his long-term companion Bartosz earlier than the couple returned to their homeland final 12 months.
“My husband and I’ve been collectively for 14 years. Who’re we, two strangers residing collectively? We’re household as effectively,” he stated. “Coming again right here I knew what I used to be getting in to. I knew that I’ll lose all of the rights with my husband we gained in Eire however we wished to return and assist our pals to make the change.”
We will make our nation higher by having new concepts, embracing them and including to our tradition
Mariusz believes it is just a matter of time earlier than issues do change however finds the tone of political debate miserable.
Final month, a professor from Torun’s Copernicus College, Aleksander Nalaskowski, was suspended after he likened homosexuality to “the plague” and complained that homosexual women and men have been demanding not solely tolerance, however acceptance.
Authorities-supporting circles argued his suspension was an abuse of free speech and he was subsequently reinstated.
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Media captionPolice fired tear fuel and clashed with anti-LGBT protesters in Bialystok in July
Unfold of equality marches in Poland
Mariusz was organising the third equality march in Torun, wherein greater than a thousand folks walked by the town guarded on each side by helmeted riot police carrying shields.
A police water cannon I noticed parked within the street was not required however violence has damaged out throughout equality marches within the cities of Bialystok, the place gangs of offended younger males attacked parade members, and in Lublin, the place counter demonstrators clashed with police and two protesters have been arrested after they reportedly introduced selfmade explosive gadgets.
Poland stays extra socially conservative than many international locations in Western Europe however attitudes to LGBT+ points are altering.
Poles and same-sex
Opinion ballot primarily based on pattern of 1,000 folks
Supply: Kantar/Gazeta Wyborcza
There are an increasing number of equality marches, 32 this 12 months in comparison with 13 final 12 months. Most, just like the one in Torun, are joyful, peaceable occasions.
‘They must remember they’re sinners’
Beneath a statue of Copernicus within the metropolis centre, a small counter demonstration gathered earlier than the equality march. There have been a number of members of the far-right Nationwide Radical Camp, holding their inexperienced and white flags emblazoned with a falanga sword, which is related to fascism.
There have been additionally banners warning about how the “LGBT foyer” needs to show pre-schoolers the right way to masturbate, above the slogan “Cease paedophilia”.
There was additionally a photograph of an equality parade exhibiting two male marchers holding a rainbow flag from behind, their naked buttocks pixellated. Some folks held crosses and handed out white, plastic rosary beads earlier than prayers have been stated for the souls of the equality march members.
“Everybody has the identical rights. For instance, they’ve the identical proper to marry. I can marry my girlfriend, they’ll additionally marry their girlfriends, however they wish to marry the identical intercourse,” organiser and instructor Radoslaw Duch stated.
“We do not wish to arrest them, we do not wish to eliminate them. They must remember they’re sinners. Me as a Catholic particular person, I wish to present them a greater path of their life,” he added.
If opinion polls are right, PiS ought to win the October 13 election comfortably.
Attitudes in Poland could also be altering, but when Mr Kaczynski’s social gathering does win a second time period, there appears little probability that gay will get pleasure from the identical rights as their heterosexual neighbours any time quickly.