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Colleges in France at the moment are required to show the French and EU flags in lecture rooms alongside the phrases to the nationwide anthem.

The transfer – efficient from the beginning of the varsity yr on Monday – was authorized as a part of academic reforms handed by parliament in February.

It was urged by a centre-right opposition MP however endorsed by President Emmanuel Macron’s centrist authorities.

The brand new rule has been controversial. Critics say it’s overly nationalistic.

All lecture rooms in main and secondary faculties should now show the nationwide flag, phrases to the Marseillaise, and the nationwide motto – “Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité”.

What’s the new schooling legislation?

The principle adjustments embody obligatory schooling from the age of three, as a substitute of six as had been the case in France for the reason that 19th Century.

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Mother or father who don’t conform with the foundations may very well be fined €1,500 (£1,362). It solely impacts a small variety of households as 97% of youngsters aged between three and 6 are in schooling already.

The legislation additionally contains adjustments to the school-leavers examination, giving extra weight to coursework and extra alternative for pupils to specialise.

Why is the flag-and-anthem rule being launched?

It was initially urged as an modification by Éric Ciotti, an MP from the centre-right opposition celebration Les Républicains.

After a lot debate, the federal government agreed to the modification, however insisted the EU flag should displayed too.

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The legislation was handed by France’s parliament in February.

Schooling Minister Jean-Michel Blanquer advised Le Parisien newspaper on the time: “Civic spirit have to be strengthened. All over the place on the earth, figuring out the symbols of your nation is essentially the most pure factor on the earth.”

Beneath the previous legislation, faculties have been solely required to have a French flag.

What has the response been?

When the modification was handed, Michel Larive, from left-wing celebration La France Insoumise, strongly criticised the transfer. He mentioned having the nationwide flag exterior faculties was already sufficient to indicate “respect for the homeland with out veering in direction of nationalism”.

Mr Ciotti mentioned the reforms have been “an vital step ahead” and would “educate pupils to like France from an early age”.

Many lecturers mentioned the inclusion of the flags was not sensible. One main faculty instructor described the measure as “empty phrases”.