What Know-how Can & Can not Change In The Classroom

by Terry Heick

In need of a really particular and ‘non-traditional’ studying mannequin, the dialog about whether or not or not expertise has a task within the classroom doesn’t make a lot sense anymore. In brief, for many grade ranges and most college students in most contexts, expertise can enhance studying and debating this concept doesn’t really feel genuine.

The character of expertise is such that minor tendencies and modifications–inside schooling/pedagogy and past–can have important impression eslewhere. The appearance of smartphones resulting in BYOD packages is one instance. One other is Google making a easy browser-based working system, which led to the Google Chromebook, which led to the relative drop within the momentum of iPads within the classroom.

Two extra macro examples? The ‘invention’ of electrical energy and WiFi–each singular modifications that had big impacts nearly all over the place else. Something comparable developed within the subsequent 20 years would make an inventory like this look foolish in hindsight. The purpose is that issues change quick. (That is a part of the appeal and issue of the cycle of innovation.)

With that in thoughts, what can expertise change as we speak in school rooms and faculties as they’re? Fairly a bit, it seems. A number of notes:

1. That is all clearly extremely speculative and subjective–simply meals for thought.

2. I don’t imply that I feel expertise will change this stuff and even ought to–solely that it’s potential.

three. Many of those matters might be in a number of classes. Know-how can ‘change’ report playing cards however it will possibly additionally ‘considerably enhance’ report playing cards, too. The identical is true for a lot of different instructing and studying practices. Is expertise most certainly to switch or enhance ‘writing’? That reply appears apparent: enhance. Will expertise ‘considerably enhance’ or ‘considerably enhance’ writing? Nicely, that depends upon what you imply by ‘writing’ and the way the expertise is used. In the end, I categorized every within the ‘greatest match’ class every so far as I may surmise. As I’ve talked about–and is apparent–that is all massively subjective.

four. In the identical means the SAMR mannequin gives a means to consider impression, the identical is true in regards to the record under. Know-how, well-considered, managed, and designed, ideally would enable a clean-sheet design of schooling itself reasonably than a mere digitizing of conventional formal studying relics. There’s a mixture of every little thing under, nonetheless.

5. I didn’t get into the issues expertise may hamper or diminish as a result of that didn’t appear to suit the spirit of the submit.

6. I additionally didn’t discover how and/or why expertise could be perceived to enhance or not enhance any of those practices, artifacts, or concepts. That might be a ebook. I did give an instance or two for every simply to make clear what I meant. I’m typically requested for analysis or information to help my claims in posts like these. I didn’t help every of those claims with analysis and information. I meant for this pondering to advertise dialog and pondering–perhaps even analysis that might produce information–that may finally enhance instructing and studying. 

7. Clearly, even the phrase ‘expertise’ is relative. Using trendy plastics and metals are ‘expertise.’ Electrical energy is expertise. Clear water requires expertise. And so forth. 

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What Know-how Can Change In The Classroom

Know-how can change and/or eradicate:

Brick and mortar faculties

Instance: By creating total digital ‘school rooms’ the place content material is discovered on-line after which utilized, brick and mortar faculties can both get replaced or used for a distinct capabilities reminiscent of assembly for PBL, supporting college students, maker areas and libraries, and so forth. (See right here for concepts on what else faculties might be in addition to college.)

This clearly isn’t sensible; ‘on-line studying’ can’t merely ‘change faculties’ proper now–nor ought to they. However that’s due largely to how we take into consideration studying and social norms and patterns like financial elements and social norms and mum or dad work schedules (and the way dad and mom take into consideration studying), and so forth. The purpose is, as faculties perform now, expertise can change a really massive portion of what occurs.

Lecture rooms (or conventional ‘small room’ design of most school rooms)

Instance: A blended studying atmosphere


Instance: We consider ‘assessments’ as one-time measurements which are scored and reported. Ongoing use of on-line studying platforms makes assessments–as we take into consideration them as we speak–extra like restricted snapshots as a substitute of precise understanding of content material.


Instance: Worksheets are simple methods to introduce or assessment materials however they’re additionally wasteful, non-responsive, and sluggish. They require grading by hand, require further steps to share ‘efficiency’ with stakeholders, and aren’t precisely essentially the most participating methods to show and be taught. Use a podcast or video or recreation or–properly, something apart from a worksheet.

Direct instruction/lecture

Instance: Know-how allows scores and scores of alternate options to lecturing


Instance: Utilizing studying playlists, simulations in scenario-based simulations, and so forth.

Letter grades

Instance: Utilizing studying badges the uncover the nuance of studying as a course of reasonably than a letter meant to signify a stage of efficiency and understanding

Report playing cards

Instance: See above.

Know-how can considerably impression or enhance:

How and when college students ask questions

Instance: Utilizing textual content or voice messaging to ask questions; utilizing VoiceThread; utilizing twitter hashtags in a backchannel questioning of a lecture

The range and high quality of studying fashions

Instance: Enabling the ‘flipped classroom’, second display screen studying, self-directed studying, self-organized studying environments, and so forth.

Pupil entry to content material

Instance: The power to entry ‘content material’ from cell units or computer systems at residence (offered what’s being discovered is on-line): books, quizzes, movies, group discussions, and so forth.

The grading course of

Instance: College students can extra seamlessly entry earlier assignments and assessments to enhance or lengthen

Personalised studying

Instance: Knowledge used to personalize studying might be ‘brisker’ (i.e., from a current evaluation reasonably than a studying stage take a look at given initially of the 12 months)

‘Reteaching’ of content material

Instance: When the reteaching is finished, who receives the reteaching and the way, and so forth.

Collaborative studying experiences

Instance: Who does what sort of collaborative studying and with whom; when and why they do it, and so forth.

Instructor-led differentiation efforts

Instance: Growing the entry to the info used to distinguish deliberate studying experiences

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Pupil portfolios

Instance: Who sees, advantages from–and has entry–to pupil portfolios; how ‘elegantly’ these portfolios are revealed and ‘framed’

Pupil curiosity

Instance: Theoretically, by connecting college students to a broader set–and doubtlessly greater high quality–of studying content material and collaboration, curiosity might be elevated. Clearly you would argue that expertise, used poorly, may have the alternative impact

The amount and variety of help college students can obtain

Instance: On-line programs or tutoring; YouTube movies, and so forth

Pupil debate

Instance: Extending the controversy exterior the classroom to contain others; ‘publishing’ the controversy to be assessed and given suggestions by others (different college students, group members, consultants, and so forth.)

Transparency of the grading course of

Instance: Publishing each grades for assessments in addition to the grading scale itself; see additionally ‘letter grades’ and ‘report playing cards’ above 

Highschool dropout charges (i.e., eLearning alternate options)

Inquiry-based studying

Instance: If college students are capable of navigate info on their very own through analysis–and keep away from the pitfalls of doing so–genuine inquiry can happen with out burdening the instructor to curate and distribute the entire studying supplies. If this really leads to studying or not depends upon dozens of different elements.

Venture-based studying

Instance: Use expertise to attach college students with consultants embedded in communities to resolve issues in these communities

Pupil note-taking 

Instance: Making sketchnotes with (clickable) hyperlinks to embedded content material or photos, audio, and so forth. utilizing Microsoft Onenote.

Curriculum maps and pacing guides

Instance: Making the simpler to doc and share and enhance; embedding sources inside these curriculum maps (e.g., ebook lists, evaluation requirements, and so forth.)

Knowledge high quality

Instance: Know-how permits information to be collected extra simply and steadily and it may be visualized (for simpler understanding by lecturers) mechanically. This isn’t magic, in fact. The information is just nearly as good because the evaluation.

Knowledge sharing inside and throughout faculties and districts

Instance: Just like curriculum maps, expertise could make information sharing, revising, embedding sources, and so forth., simpler.

Knowledge-based instructing or information integration to personalize studying

Instance: Algorithms that match pupil efficiency ranges with varied literacy or instructing methods

Instructor skilled growth

Instance: To complement in-person instructor PD workshops, on-line programs and conferences are rising in quantity and high quality

Studying stage evaluation

Instance: Utilizing an adaptive studying platform like IXL or a platform expressly designed for literacy

Pupil shows

Instance: Instruments like nearpod, VoiceThread, Clarify The whole lot, or Prezi Subsequent

Pupil reflection on studying experiences

Instance: Retaining a video journal on a personal YouTube channel

Studying suggestions

Instance: Like ‘studying stage evaluation’ above, a studying platform like IXL might help present college students with instant suggestions to responses in in any other case conventional studying fashions

Maker studying experiences

Instance: Co-creating ‘issues’ on diy.org with different college students (both inside or past the classroom)

Abilities and competency apply

Instance: Drilling math issues on Khan Academy or writing workouts with different college students on Increase Author

Discipline journeys

Instance: One instance of how expertise can be utilized to enhance ‘actual life’ discipline journeys (versus digital discipline journeys): Use expertise to analysis ‘higher’ discipline journeys, then use augmented actuality once you get there and even use video running a blog to doc the highlights or mirror on the expertise afterward in a podcast

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Know-how can considerably impression or enhance:


Instance: An app with a reminder to mirror on pondering with a selected immediate 

Classroom administration

Instance: Whereas classroom administration relies upon largely on relationships with college students and infrastructure inside a college, apps like Class Dojo and Plickers can help lecturers in offering a protected and structured atmosphere the place college students can be taught

Literacy practices at residence

Instance: Utilizing apps like Kindle or iBooks–and even merely sharing PDFs of texts that college students can learn exterior of the classroom

Pupil mindset (i.e., Habits of Thoughts, Development Mindset, and so forth.)

Instance: A pupil utilizing their very own smartphone to doc once they display ‘cognitive flexibility’ or ‘responding with awe.’

Pupil engagement

Instance: As with all the remaining, expertise isn’t almost sufficient to make-up for unengaging studying fashions and lesson and unit planning, however game-based studying can completely interact college students. Music and movie, as properly. This can be a record that may get lengthy quick.


Instance: Retaining a journal on-line (utilizing any variety of apps–even merely a Google Doc)

Father or mother participation within the classroom or college

Instance: Utilizing Seesaw to doc and share their work from the day with dad and mom and even collaborate if they’ve the time/sources

Know-how (as it’s) is (for now) unlikely to (considerably) impression or enhance:


Although expertise can carry out lots of the duties lecturers are not any answerable for–or just make instructing extra sustainable for these lecturers, expertise can not change lecturers’ humanity, affection, and intimate information of the coed and their historical past in a spot and its historical past

Essential pondering

The utility of conventional tutorial content material and requirements; self-initiated switch of educational expertise

Utilizing conventional tutorial content material in genuine methods with out being informed to is unlikely to be considerably affected by expertise within the close to future

The ‘high quality’ of pupil questions

QFT periods may, for instance, assist college students create ‘higher questions’ and definitely there are methods expertise can be utilized to assist right here however there aren’t very many apparent methods lecturers can seamlessly use expertise to enhance the standard of pupil inquiry. Few that I can consider, anyway. In case you can, let me know within the feedback. I’d love to listen to some concepts.

The ‘high quality’ of pupil pondering

On-line journaling, collaboration with consultants, podcasting with friends, taking programs on-line, and dozens of different alternatives exist for expertise to ‘enhance’ the ‘high quality’ of pupil pondering, however sustained enchancment of essential pondering and utility of information relies upon, largely, on the scholars and their habits (with and with out expertise) exterior the classroom.

What Know-how Can & Can not Change In The Classroom