By Aruna Sharma
In shutdown, one subject that have to be addressed is guaranteeing meals, cash to probably the most susceptible. If ‘no person to be left behind’ is to be embedded in any pursuit of guaranteeing speedy reduction, then a state requires a complete and repeatedly up to date database of people and households. Consolidation of this information may help in overcoming silo-based fragmentation in state supply of anti-poverty programmes and providers.
Samagra Social Safety Mission (SSSM), a standard family database with account particulars and different parameters, was developed by Madhya Pradesh to facilitate built-in monitoring and administration of all main government-to-people (G2P) money transfers within the state, and to assist a paradigm shift from a demand-led to an entitlement-based method to profit supply. It’s based mostly on steady recording of household-level demographic occasions linked to numerous G2P programmes and to monetary accounts supplied by designated monetary establishments working inside a 5-km radius of every family.
The lately introduced Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) bundle to supply further 5kg of foodgrains a month for the following three months together with 1 kg of pulses per individual will want a SSSM type of database to allow people to attract from the general public distribution system (PDS) regardless of the placement of their households. ‘Opening to all’ is an effective transfer, however common high quality provide is a should to make sure that probably the most susceptible are usually not overlooked within the course of.
Each day wagers don’t determine in any reduction bundle introduced lately by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. A monetary mannequin (publish workplace and cooperative financial institution included) alongside SSSM strains with a monetary establishment inside a 5 km radius of a family can present speedy reduction.
The success of such a scheme shall be in its detailing. That is attainable solely by resorting to the frequent family database that state governments have, and the MNREGA database with speedy impact.
The city migrant employee may draw foodgrains from the PDS outlet in his work city for his share, whereas different members of the family draw their share from a PDS outlet again dwelling. States that opted for SSSM’s frequent family database like Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Rajasthan can instantly conduct post-Covid-19 lockdown reduction.
Scaling up the SSSM mannequin of getting a standard family database nationally — utilizing MNREGA information to satisfy the acute challenges of the lockdown after which graduate to a full-fledged mannequin – is urgently wanted.
One other necessary provision to implement is the District Catastrophe Administration Plan (DDMP), which has an inventory of important providers throughout clampdown. The challenges of clamping down on hoarding and managing crowds in a lockdown in a rational method would have been averted if the present, however ignored, DDMP mannequin was given credence.
Urgent the Covid-19 panic button, and the following confusion among the many citizenry, has created strain on hospitals. Hospitals are additionally a part of the DDMP, together with maintaining the provision chain of testing kits and private protecting gear (PPE) for frontline well being employees up and working.
There isn’t a must reinvent the wheel. A SSSM-like frequent family database and DDMP are the 2 instruments that have to be labored on severely for each Covid-19 financial and healthcare mitigation.
Use MNREGA information as the bottom and superimpose a scaled-up SSSM database on it. Revisit plans that had been made in peacetime to deal with a conflict, now that we’re at conflict towards Covid-19.
The author is former secretary, GoI.