Poppy conflict, or maybe poppy skirmish. India’s closely regulated poppy financial system – the milky white fluid from seeds, known as latex, is the mainstay of unlawful medication commerce world wide – is witnessing a small however intense battle over the Central Board of Narcotics (CBN) determination to ship in 18,000 metric tonnes of white poppy seeds from Turkey.

A bunch of poppy importers and India’s poppy farmers are alleging that a small variety of importers have cornered the most recent import order by way of a casual cartel. The allegation can also be that these importers had paid Turkish exporters a lot prematurely of the CBN order.

Questions despatched to CBN by ET round two weeks again weren’t answered on the time of going to press. ET just isn’t naming importers alleged to have acted as a cartel as a result of it couldn’t independently confirm these prices. Some importers making these allegations spoke off document.

Whereas a piece of the importers cry foul over the alleged function of a cartel “cornering” import permits, the farmers are apprehensive about an impending inventory glut and depressed poppy costs subsequent yr.


In accordance with a gaggle of importers whom ET consulted, three massive ‘impex’ (import-export) corporations based mostly out of Bengaluru, New Delhi and Pune – together with 70-odd group corporations – have managed to nook a lot of import permits issued by CBN within the final week of September. This cartel is alleged to have made advance fee to Turkish poppy exporters (to obtain poppy seeds), a number of days previous to the CBN’s import notification. “It’s clear the cartel knew concerning the notification effectively prematurely…,” stated a Mumbai-based importer.

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“The cartel members have successfully blocked a lion’s share of poppy seeds that may be imported to India this yr. We had been proven a ‘no-stock board’ once we approached some Turkish exporters. They informed us the country-limits have been exhausted,” he stated.

Poppy cultivation, very similar to poppy seed imports, is closely restricted in India. The CBN offers licences to a couple farmers (about 25,000 to 30,000 farmers) yearly to develop the crop.

The seeding season begins in October; by February, farmers start to gather latex by making a small incision on the plant’s stem. The latex collected thus, is transported to opium factories at Ghazipur and Neemuch to derive alkaloids comparable to morphine, papaverine, codeine and noscapine – all utilized in trendy medication. Poppy seeds are additionally used for cooking.

Final cropping season, farmers managed to get Rs 70,000 – 1,00,000 per quintal promoting the seeds. In poppy farming, farmers not often generate income promoting the latex solely to the federal government. They might, at finest, get Rs 2,000 – 2500 per kilogram. In the event that they handle to smuggle just a few packets to exterior consumers – an act which is unlawful and a punishable offence – they could pocket upto `25 lakh per kilogram. However that’s unbelievably unattainable as latex assortment is carried out beneath strict CBN supervision.

There are restrictions (or entry limitations) on import of white poppy seeds to India. These will be shipped in solely on permits issued by the Gwalior-based CBN. After CBN put out the notification, Indian importers should ask any professional Turkish exporter to register a gross sales contract with the Turkish Grain Board (or TMO).

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As soon as the gross sales contract is prepared, the Indian importer approaches the CBN for a provisional registration – a duplicate of which shall be despatched to the TMO as effectively. The importer is then required to make an advance fee (20% of consignment value) favouring the Turkish exporter. This successfully “blocks” the amount that may be imported by the importer from Turkey.

“The cartel has made the funds effectively prematurely (even earlier than the date of CBN import notification), and has blocked a number of batches of consignments that may be imported,” alleged an importer from Jaipur.

“We approached the courts for a treatment; and the Gujarat Excessive Courtroom requested CBN to seem for a deposition within the first week of October; however the CBN hurriedly issued permits to cartel members previous to them showing in court docket,” the importer added. CBN officers weren’t accessible for feedback. An e-mail despatched to CBN’s workplaces at Gwalior, Neemuch and Lucknow elicited no response until press time.

The federal government may very well be importing seeds to fulfill WTO statute – which brackets poppy as a ‘freeto-import’ commodity. “The federal government has put in place restrictions / entry limitations to forestall free import of poppy and different narcotic substances into India,” says NN Menon of Commerce Observe, a overseas commerce guide.

“The federal government may very well be beneath some WTO compulsion to permit free import of poppy seeds into India. However farmers may very well be on the receiving finish of this coverage determination,” he provides.

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RS Chundawat, an opium cultivation specialist at Horticulture School in Mandsaur, is baffled on the authorities’s determination to import poppy seeds this yr. In accordance with him, poppy yields have been sturdy over the previous few years – with 11 – 14 quintal per hectare yearly.

“The latex belongs to the federal government and the residual seeds belong to farmers. Farmers make good sums of cash promoting the seeds in open market,” Chundawat stated.

“Seed yield was superb this yr, and we received good value for it. If the federal government is importing seeds this yr, seed costs could crash subsequent yr,” stated Sheetalsingh Solanki, a poppy farmer from Mandsaur, Madhya Pradesh.