VADAKARA, KERALA: There may be an air of earnestness concerning the slim determine in a black-and-white kurta sitting on the wood bench close to the doorway, clutching her backpack tightly in entrance of her, sometimes biting her fingernails. Aishwarya Das, 21, has journeyed 30 km from her dwelling in Koyilandy in north Kerala on a Tuesday morning to the workplace of the Uralungal Labour Contract Cooperative Society (ULCCS) in Vadakara, Kozhikode, within the hope that it’s going to result in a job at its workplaces, presumably within the accounts division. “There is no such thing as a job safety in my present job,” says Das, a commerce graduate, who has been promoting insurance coverage for a public sector financial institution for the final three months. The daughter of a single mom who works as a beautician and can’t afford to assist her schooling any extra, Das wish to discover a regular job with an everyday earnings. Her hopes are pinned on a letter of advice from her MLA, which she and her mom have been ready for hours handy over to the cooperative society’s chairman.

“We don’t have vacancies, however individuals maintain making use of. On a Sunday, you will discover 200-300 individuals queuing as much as submit their software,” says ULCCS chairman Rameshan Paleri in his workplace, a number of ft from the hall the place Das is ready. Even taking into account that at 9.5%, the unemployment fee in Kerala is increased than the nationwide common of 6.1% , a cooperative society may not sound just like the form of place individuals are vying to work at. However the one Paleri heads is totally different.

The 94-year-old ULCCS stands out from different cooperatives in some ways. For one, its measurement. It employs over 12,000 individuals, making it one of many largest labour cooperatives in Asia, noticed income of Rs 1,100 crore in 2018-19, has tasks price Rs 2,700 crore on its books and property price an analogous quantity, from land and quarries to equipment. Whereas it’s headquartered in north Kerala, it undertakes infrastructure tasks throughout the state, from flyovers to bridges and roads, aided by a status for finishing tasks punctually and sustaining excessive requirements of labor. Its largest mission is a Rs 450 crore highway in Malappuram district. That is a rare achievement in job-starved Kerala. It’s also a mannequin for the reinvention a cooperative has made.


Then ULCCS additionally has beneficiant worker advantages. “We give our staff a bonus twice a 12 months other than PF, ESI, vacation wages, pension, wage advance, interest-free loans and medical insurance coverage of Rs 15 lakh,” reels off society secretary Shaju S.

The bonus and medical insurance coverage will be availed of by all staff whereas the remainder of the advantages are just for society members, numbering 2,969. One can apply for membership after a 12 months of working with the society. About half of the 9,000 non-members are migrant labourers, the majority of Kerala’s blue-collar workforce in the previous couple of years, however most of them don’t turn into members, say the cooperative society’s office-bearers, due to illiteracy, job modifications and their lack of knowledge about the advantages.

“Even when you have an accident simply three days after you joined us, it is possible for you to to avail of the Rs 15 lakh insurance coverage on your hospitalisation,” says Paleri. And like the very best of Silicon Valley firms, staff get free meals. All of those imply that regardless of revenues of over Rs 1,000 crore, the cooperative’s income are slim — Rs three crore. However Paleri says that’s in step with its main purpose of offering worker welfare and creating employment alternatives.

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It’s the welfare measures at ULCCS that has made Biju Ok, 40, follow the society for the final 22 years. Taking a break from the development and widening of a 11 km highway, Biju, a tall determine with a moustache and a day’s greying stubble, says after he dropped out of college on account of poverty, he started as a highway development employee with a wage of Rs 45 a day. He now earns Rs 1,200 a day, by driving a highway curler. The advantages are over and above the wages. “I’ve been a member since 1997. There’s a sense of solidarity, of togetherness,” says Biju, whose mom and uncle too labored within the society. He credit ULCCS for no matter monetary progress he has made, together with constructing a home and getting his sister married for which he acquired a zero-interest mortgage.


Staff like Biju are the mainstay of the cooperative and Paleri, who speaks in measured tones, says his purpose is to make the organisation he’s been helming since 1995 into one which meets the wants of not simply its present staff but additionally their kids by diversifying and coming into sectors like IT. “They get safety not only for their very own job however for his or her kids — that’s why they love the organisation,” he says.

Above his desk hangs an image of Vagbhatananda, a 20th century social reformer, and on a wall additional away, a row of black-and-white pictures of the society’s earlier chairmen, which embody Paleri’s father and grandfather. “Among the many three of us, we now have been chairmen for 75 years. However it isn’t like some royal reign. All of us have been elected each 5 years,” says Paleri, 59.

Within the Starting

Again in 1924, his grandfather, Paleri Chandaman, was one of many founding members of the labour cooperative society. Impressed by the teachings of Vagbhatananda, he was an iconoclast who threw the idols of household deities into the properly. The cooperative too has its moorings within the protests towards superstitions and caste and sophistication hierarchy that shook the area. For his or her struggle towards social injustice, a bunch of younger males who have been followers of Vagbhatananda have been socially boycotted. They might not discover jobs or get credit score. Fourteen of them shaped a “coolie” staff’ cooperative, which turned the Uralungal Labour Contract Cooperative Society, named after their village in Karakkad.

As Kerala’s finance minister, Thomas Isaac, and Michelle Williams write in Constructing Alternate options, their e book on ULCCS’s mannequin, most founding members have been staff and the primary president was a mason. Even in the present day, most of the 13 board administrators are staff who’ve risen up the ranks. The board meets nearly day by day to debate the day’s progress and plan for the subsequent. Self-discipline is strictly maintained, with monetary mismanagement or actions like consuming on work website inviting rapid motion.

The society has had its share of ups and downs, with membership shrinking to 60 within the early 1990s, however in the previous couple of years it has seen a surge in income by executing a variety of tasks resembling a cyber park, a tourism mission to advertise handicrafts and a number of flyovers, together with two that have been accomplished beneath the price estimate, with the distinction returned to the federal government.

Work Tradition

Paleri says what has helped the mannequin succeed helps the employees perceive that the expansion of the society would in flip support their very own development. “It created a brand new tradition of labor in Kerala,” he says.

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In a state the place industrialists have been loath to enter due to commerce unionism and frequent strikes, the cooperative stands out. When staff themselves are the homeowners, who will they strike towards, asks Paleri. “They’re the shareholders so in the event that they type a union, they are going to be unionising towards themselves,” he says, including wryly that this has been a reason behind heartburn for a lot of. Being a staff’ cooperative within the “purple” belt of northern Kerala, there may be an amicable relationship between the CPM and the union. However members insist the society itself is apolitical. “I’ve my political affiliations however I don’t deliver my politics to work. We haven’t felt the necessity for a union as a result of our calls for are met by the society,” says Biju.

What has additionally helped ULCCS is the sting it has over personal contractors whereas bidding for tasks by advantage of its standing as a cooperative which entitles it to numerous advantages from the federal government. Importantly, if the bid worth of ULCCS is increased than a personal contractor’s however the distinction is inside 10%, the mission will be awarded to the cooperative. It’s also exempt from depositing earnest cash or a efficiency assure. Since it’s an accredited company, the federal government can award tasks as much as a specific amount on to it with out calling for a young. “Authorities has supported us in some ways,” says Shaju.

Paleri, nevertheless, credit the employees’ effectivity and planning for the cooperative’s success fairly than the perks it might avail.


An enormous problem for any firm within the development sector is entry to enough working capital, one thing the cooperative, too, has traditionally struggled with. Aside from financial institution credit score, what has helped ULCCS is deposits from the general public, which got here to Rs 840 crore in 2018-19. Being a cooperative, it is ready to provide rates of interest of a share increased than different public sector banks and whereas it needed to solicit deposits earlier, its status now helps the society appeal to depositors. Within the final couple of years, Paleri says, the energy of the cooperative has doubled, as a result of worsening employment alternatives within the state and the return of Malayali staff from West Asia. A bit of job functions are from those that have studied engineering.

Amaljith P, a mechanical engineer, is amongst those that returned from Dubai and joined ULCCS. “I labored in Dubai for 2 years and I used to be paid extra however life was very mechanical,” says the 29-year-old who was concerned with the development of Gender Park in Kozhikode, an initiative of the social justice division, the contract for which was gained by ULCCS. Amaljith earns about half of what he used to make in Dubai however he says he prefers it due to the egalitarian nature of the office. Bappi Hussain, a local of Cooch Behar, who’s engaged on the identical website and has now been with the cooperative for about six years, agrees. “The supervisors are good. I’ve acquired three-four individuals from my village right here,” says the 26-year-old.

To fulfill the calls for of a workforce of this measurement, ULCCS takes on a lot of development works; at present there are over 1,000 and vary from main highway tasks price crores of rupees to small panchayat roads of a few lakhs. In close by Chorode grama panchayat, president Vijila Ambalathil says they’ve been awarding ULCCS work for over 10 years. “They do the job on time, even forward of time, and it’s good high quality,” she says. However this has left personal contractors sad. “I don’t disagree that their high quality of labor is superb. However by taking over even small tasks of some lakhs, they’re a risk to small contractors like us. It’s a case of sharks consuming the smaller fish,” says P Nagarathnan, vice-president, Kerala Authorities Contractors’ Federation. Others have gone to court docket over the award of contracts with out tender. In December 2016, a department of the Builders Affiliation of India went to the excessive court docket over a 22.5 km highway which, it mentioned, was “arbitrarily” awarded to the cooperative.

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The contract finally went to ULCCS however at a worth that was Rs 13 crore much less. In 2018, a report by the Comptroller & Auditor Common mentioned the PWD had awarded works price over Rs 800 crore with out tender violating Central Vigilance Fee pointers. “The federal government awarded the works to us after the cupboard relaxed the norms and a authorities order was issued. We responded to the issues raised by CAG,” says Shaju. Whereas each the CPM-led and Congress-led governments have awarded ULCCS contracts, there are actually costs that the CPM is unduly favouring the cooperative. “They’re doing a very good job, little doubt. However if you happen to give each mission to them with out a tender, that’s not honest,” says Opposition chief Ramesh Chennithala of the Congress.

ULCCS is diversifying. Whereas development continues to be the primary income, it entered the know-how sector in 2011, with the organising of UL Know-how Options (ULTS), a tech providers firm. Lately, ULCCS courted controversy when the tech arm was accused of a knowledge safety breach over the event of an app for the Kerala Police for verification of passport candidates. The Opposition alleged the federal government gave ULTS entry to the police’s database of criminals.

ULTS, for its half, says it merely offered a proof of idea utilizing check information. “We by no means had entry to police information nor was there a query of us getting entry. We simply confirmed them what the app can do. We don’t even have the contract now,” says CEO Raveendran Kasthuri, a former MD with IBM who got here on board final 12 months. He has an workplace on the swanky UL Cyber Park in Kozhikode. Arrange by ULCCS, the IT park has SEZ standing.

The workplace of ULTS, with hotdesking and an open plan, seems to be like all tech main’s. Kasthuri says it’s specializing in blockchain, AI, analytics and cyber safety. He hopes it can make use of 25,000 individuals, a leap from its present workforce of over 500.

That is of a chunk with Paleri’s imaginative and prescient for the cooperative, as an organisation that may have the ability to present jobs to as many individuals as doable. “For a change, as an alternative of corporates swallowing every part, perhaps a cooperative can do the swallowing in order that the general public may even profit,” says Paleri.

What: Uralungal Labour Contract Cooperative Society

The place: Vadakara, Kozhikode, Kerala

Based in: 1925

What Does It Do: The cooperative undertakes infrastructure tasks throughout the state, from flyovers to bridges to roads

Its Largest Mission: A Rs 450 crore highway mission in Malappuram